City College: What should be the structure and plan of the Essay?

The structure of the essay is determined by the requirements imposed on it:

  1. The thoughts of the author of the essay on the problem are presented in the form of brief theses (T).
  2. The thought must be supported by evidence – therefore the thesis is followed by arguments (A).

Arguments are facts, phenomena of social life, events, life situations and life experience, scientific evidence, references to the opinions of scientists, etc. It is better to give two arguments in favor of each thesis: one argument seems unconvincing, three arguments can “overload” the presentation performed in the genre, focused on brevity and imagery.

Thus, the essay acquires a ring structure (the number of theses and arguments depends on the topic, the chosen plan, the logic of the development of thought):

  • introduction
  • thesis, arguments
  • thesis, arguments
  • thesis, arguments
  • Conclusion.

When writing an essay, it is also important to consider the following points:

  1. The introduction and conclusion should focus on the problem (in the introduction it is put, in conclusion – the opinion of the author is summarized).
  2. It is necessary to select paragraphs, red lines, to establish a logical connection between paragraphs: thus the integrity of the work is achieved.
  3. Style of presentation: the essays are emotional, expressive, and artistic. Experts believe that the proper effect is provided by short, simple, various intonations of the sentence, skillful use of the “most modern” punctuation mark – a dash. However, the style reflects the characteristics of the individual, this is also useful to remember.

Before you start writing an essay, pay attention to the following questions. The answers to them will allow you to more clearly define what is worth writing in the essay:

  1. Touching on your personal qualities or abilities, ask yourself:
    • Do I differ in this or that quality from those I know?
    • In what way did this quality manifest itself?
  2. About the activities that you were engaged in (do):
    • What made me do this kind of work?
    • Why did I continue to do this?
  3. About every event in your life that you mentioned:
    • Why do I remember this event?
    • Has it changed me as a person?
    • How did I react to it?
    • Was this a revelation for me; what I had not previously suspected?
  4. About every person you mentioned:
    • Why did I call this person?
    • Am I trying to become like him?
    • What qualities do I admire?
    • Was it told them something that I will remember all my life?
    • Have I revised my views?
  5. About each of your preferences and what you do not like:
    • Why do I like or dislike it?
    • Has this circumstance affected my life to a large extent?
  6. About each of your failures:
    • What did I learn as a result?
    • What was the most useful thing I learned from this situation?
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