City College – Cancer of the Lungs

Cancer is a terminal disease and results from an anomalous production of body cells. There are more than 100 types of cancer, which includes breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma which can quickly spread to other parts of a person’s body Symptoms vary depending on the type of cancer.  The treatments for cancer usually include chemotherapy, radiation, and/or surgery.        Cancer of the lungs is the most common type of cancer and around 22% of cancer patients suffer from it. Lung Cancer is also called “carcinoma of the lung “and “pulmonary carcinoma”.

The known symptoms of the disease are: Coughing and other respiratory systems such as shortness of breath and coughing up blood Weight loss, constant fever, fingernail clubbing and persistent exhaustion Chest and bone pain, obstruction in the blood vessels and difficulty in swallowing food and liquids.       The method for diagnosing lung cancer is different for each person, and the doctor makes a decision based on a person’s medical history, visible symptoms and results of the person’s physical exam. The doctor usually orders imaging tests to determine if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. These tests include CT scans, (computerized tomography) PET scan (positron emission tomography) and Bone scans

Small cell lung cancer is usually treated with chemotherapy. Surgery is only carried out if the cancer has not spread to the lymph glands located in the center of the chest. Non small cell lung cancer is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy of a combination of all three depending on the stage when the cancer is diagnosed .The survival rate for cancer is quite good if diagnosed at the early stages and if diagnosed at a later stage the survival rate is around not so good.  Regular medical checkups will diagnose early incidences of cancer in a person.

The best approach is treating the entire person, adequate nutritious food, exercising and avoiding undue stress. These holistic approached are quite effective when combined with standard medical treatments for lung cancer in most cases.  The main objective of lung cancer surgery is to remove the entire tumor, including a small amount of normal tissue (about 2 cm) at the edges. The name for surgery that enters the chest is thoracotomy, and specific named types of surgical interventions may be performed as part of the thoracotomy, such as wedge resection, segmentectomy, “sleeve resection”, lobectomy, or pneumonectomy, depending on the tumor and patient characteristics.

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