Our planet is facing serious major environmental problems nowadays. There are ten major environmental problems that we are having now and will still face for future. They are pollution, global warming, climate change, lost of biodiversity, deforestation, ocean acidification, ozone layer depletion, drought, unseasonal rain, acid rain and water pollution. These can give serious damage on farming industry to reduce food production. Most of the farmers complain about the drought, unseasonal rain, acid rain and water pollution which destroy crops for the human consumption.
Currently, the agriculture industry is facing a growing demand for production, quality and quantity, combined with strong environmental (management of natural resources, reducing the use of inputs, climate change). Therefore, there is an urgent need for adjusting the cultural practices to the crop needs and combine environment and economy, innovative and effective solutions must be developed. In this context, knowledge of the specific needs of real-time plant present a major challenge to deliver the right amount of inputs required to crops at the right time and maximize the efficiency of the latter.
Drought is a common disaster which is a period of very low precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolong shortage water supply. This can give harmful impact on the ecosystem and agriculture of the affected region. The most prolonged drought ever in the world occurred in Atacama Desert Chile (400 years). Unseasonal rain caused heavy damaged of crops in our farming society. Mostly wheat crops destroyed due to this disaster. During the time of harvest if the heavy rain storm occurs, the farmers lost their aiming harvest rate. Due to the rapid raid of increasing population, the global food consumption rate is expected to increase more and more.
One of the world’s most significant sources of food is cereal. It is for direct human being utilization and also an ultimate input to the agriculture business market. Therefore cereal sectors in farming are very vital to world victuals provisions and consumption. In the mid-1960s, the globe has planned to hoist cereal fabrication by almost a billion tones. Although the developed countries can increasingly be dependent on the cereal imports, the developing countries cannot even produce enough for their local supplies. This was mainly due to the environmental disasters. The demand for food and crops grow rapidly in the developing countries. This demand will still require the continued expansion of farmland, together with the improvement of farming technologies.