City College: How to Write a Good Cause and Effect Essay

What is a Cause and Effect City College Essay

A cause and effect essay is a type of academic writing that high school & college students are required to submit. These City College Essayare meant to develop the analytical abilities of students by researching and explaining why certain things happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effects)

Steps to Write a Cause and Effect Essay

The following steps will make it easy to write a cause and effect essay:

Identify Cause and Effect

The first step is to identify and differentiate between cause and effect. For causes, ask the question, “Why did this happen?” For effects, ask, “What happened because of this?”

For example: Cause: You are feeling sick.

                         Effect: You are absent from work.

However, most situations are more complicated. There may be multiple causes for a one effect or multiple effects that occur because of one cause. Consider the following chain reaction:

Attended a party last night….car wouldn’t start…..wet weather… one available for a lift…..too late for a taxi…..had to take a long bus ride…..reached home late and wet…..fell sick next morning.

Develop a Thesis Statement

The most important part of any essay is a thesis statement. The thesis statement should be clearly worded as the rest of the essay follows the stance that the thesis statement establishes. You need to mention clearly whether you are going to write about causes, effects, or both.

Organize Events

In a cause and effect City College Essay, it is very important to organize the details in a proper order. These may be in a number of ways:

Chronological – in the order in which the events occurred.

Importance – in the order of the importance of details – either from most important to least, or the other way around.

Use Transition Terms

It is important to connect ideas and events into one coherent essay. There are transition words and phrases that can be used to establish the link between events. Some of them are given here:




Because of

Due to

Take care not to use the same transition terms again and again; there are many in the English language. Look them up and try to use as many as you can without repeating.


The conclusion, or summary must recap the key points in the essay and reiterate the writer’s point of view.

Things to Remember

When writing a cause and effect City College Essay, it is worth noting these points:

Emphasize on causes that are close in time and related, rather than indirect causes, which occur later.

Support your City College Essay with examples, facts, figures or personal observations.

If there is no clear link between a cause and effect, you should use phrases such as “It seems…” or “It appears that….”.

If you follow these guidelines, you should be able to write a reasonably good cause and effect essay.

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