Passive euthanasia is basically when a person-usually the physician or his assistants, but also a kinsman who is in the care of another, omits lengthen a life that is coming to an end. It renounces surgery or intensive treatment that would have allowed the patient somewhat longer life. For the purposes of it, legal treatment must differentiate three possibilities: The omission of measures to prolong life can happen according to the wish of the patient or against their will; the third case is that in which the patient is already in a situation where you cannot express. Each person should define what is considered valuable to himself, knowing the odds, not only mortality, but quality of life. There will be people who cannot bear to live connected to Mechanical ventilation equipment and prefer to die; others prefer to live, even when dependent on this team. There are those who do not accept a life with pain or physical limitations, while others will be willing to tolerate, and so to live.
We believe that every professional can use to guide any of the models posed in the theoretical framework as it deems appropriate, but does not represent a rule, like whether to use the principles as parameters to make a decision. The important thing is that the nurse poses a clear position on these dilemmas to ponder and question against such situations. Another aspect that was found during analysis of the documents, is that the nurse is unaware of the ethical concepts, ethical and legal aspects, but mostly it was identified that nursing is not questioned, and therefore does not investigate or write about these issues. Consequently, it is considered that it is important that the nurse count on ethical and legal foundation that allows to make a proper decision against these ethical dilemmas. This is where educational institutions play an important role, including more hours in the area of curriculum of ethics and of course an opportunity to provide professional continuing education options easily accessible.
In addition, encourage the nurse to develop research in this area, as a major deficit documents with issues like these will be found, because most documents are opinions, few are a source of research, making an individual’s act not only supported by scientific and technical but moral and ethical issues The problem is that if the classification of euthanasia presented is accepted, will inevitably lead to argue that it is inconsistent to accept passive euthanasia and reject voluntarily, since there is no moral difference between killing and letting die. Therefore, if there is such a moral difference, it should also accept active euthanasia. Theoretically, the argument used collides with and is shared by different health professionals.